Sand And Gravel


There Is No Shortage Of Sand And Gravel In The State Of Washington.

  • Aggregate companies, including Glacier Northwest currently export nearly 2 million tons of sand and gravel to out of state and foreign markets each year.

This Is A Myth Born From The Deception Of The Aggregates Industry

  • In 2003, the Washington Aggregates and Concrete Association (WACA) released a publication “The Aggregates Industry In Washington“. This publication asserts a critical shortage of aggregate resources in the State and has been widely used by the aggregates industry to raise alarms regarding the supply of sand and gravel.
  • The WACA publication is an uncited, unsourced publication produced in whole by the aggregates industry which stands to profit handsomely from a government reaction to a perceived shortage.
  • The Board of Directors of WACA is comprised of representatives of all the major sand and gravel companies in the state including Glacier Northwest.
  • WACA drafted the content outline and then paid $70,000 for the publication. WACA retained full editorial control of the publication which was written by Bruce Finne and James S. Peet. WACA
  • Author Bruce Finnie teaches in the business department at PLU, while Author James S Peet owns and operates a private consulting business Pacific Geographic LLC. Pacific Geographic, which was formed in 2001 notes that their services include acting as consultants to the mining industry.
  • The Aggregates Industry in Washington incorrectly reports a yearly aggregates usage that is 15 million tons higher than the documented usage in the State of Washington.
  • WACA incorrectly notes a rate of 12.7 tons per capita of aggregate usage in the State. According to USGS reports and the Washington State OFM census estimates, the per capita rate for the year noted in the publication was 10.29 while the most current 2006 rate is approximately 9.61. The 15 year Washington State average is approximately 9.85 tons per capita.
  • The projected aggregate needs reported by WACA are estimates made by the authors and based on a proprietary modeling program that has not undergone peer review nor has it been tested for accuracy.
  • Using this untested proprietary modeling program and their incorrect per capita figures, WACA inaccurately notes a projection of an additional yearly increase of 22 million tons by 2020.
  • In reality, correct projections based on documented per capita usage and State population estimates show an estimated increase of as little as 8 million tons per year by 2020. Again, WACA has miscalculated by approximately 15 million tons per year.
  • A study done by the British Columbia Ministries of Mines found that the Puget Sound region has no current or anticipated shortage of aggregate supply.
  • The Ministry determined that the supply in the region was so healthy that there was no market to export aggregates from Canada.
  • The report gives no consideration to the use of recycled concrete or glass for use as aggregates.

There Is Nothing Unique About The Maury Island Sand And Gravel

  • The aggregate resource at the Maury Island site is from a glacial deposit called Vashon Advanced Outwash. These deposits are abundant in the Puget Sound lowland areas and run from Bellingham to South of Olympia.
  • In order to be used for concrete rather than fill, aggregates are required by WSDOT and other construction regulations to be washed to remove silt and other deleterious materials.
  • Because they do not have the water to wash the aggregates, the sand and gravel from the Maury Island site can only be used as common fill material.
  • The off island use of the aggregates from the Maury Island site has historically been used only as fill material in fact, the 1998 expansion proposal was made by Glacier in order to allow the company to bid on the fill project for the 3rd runway at Sea Tac.
  • In an internal Washington State Department of Natural Resources correspondence dated 2005, head geologist Ron Teissere specifically stated that the type of resource at Maury Island was not in short supply, noting as example that the Manke company was shipping similar product from their Oakland Bay location and that their site had a large volume reserve, and you also can buy brightest flashlight here.


This Mine Expansion Doesn’t Make any Sense

It Doesn’t Make Environmental Sense

It Doesn’t Make Economic Sense

It Doesn’t Make Sense For The People Of Washington State